#outonroads4hornbill: Nagaland, a state that lies on the northeastern mountain ranges of India, is one among those places in whole Asia that still hesitant to follow the western way of living. Rolling hills and picturesque valleys of this state makes it an amazing destination in India to visit and relax. Here’s a brief about Nagaland and the major tourist places to visit in Nagaland.
Nagaland is a northeastern state of India that lies close to Myanmar. This small state has a population of approximately 1.98 million and boasts of its pleasant climate. The fertile soil of Nagaland is suitable for the cultivation of rice, millet, pulses and maize. That’s just a tip of an iceberg when it comes to narrate about Nagaland.
A well established government system of Nagas, that they had been following since centuries, were brought under the British Rule as the Europeans conquer the subcontinent. Though independent India recognized the Naga tribes, Nagaland was under the control of the Governor of Assam. The region was declared a state of Indian Union only in the year 1963.
The Tribes of Nagaland
Nagaland is an amazing state with 16 major tribes and several sub-tribes. Every tribe has their own culture, customs, lifestyles, food practices, and even languages and dialects. Naga is a roughly defined term that includes several tribes of northeast India and upper Burma. Visiting this small yet amazing state of India will help you learn about Nagaland and its cultural diversification.
Nagaland is one of the seven north-eastern states of India. Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and Manipur are the India states that stays close to Nagaland while Myanmar has a border sharing with this Indian state. The capital of Nagaland is Kohima but the largest city is Dimapur.
How to reach Nagaland?
Nagaland is well connected with the rest of India by road services. Dimapur is a major railway station and also has a significant airport in northeast India. Kohima, the capital of Nagaland is currently connected by roadways to Dimapur. There are projects on its way to connect Kohima by rail.
Best time to visit Nagaland
While we talk about Nagaland, many argue that Nagaland as an all-season destination, but I would suggest the early winter months and the summer months for an enjoyable holiday in this north-eastern state of India.
Are you looking for adventure activities in Nagaland? If so, the best season is summer when the weather is mild. Nagaland can offer you just 2 months of summer, March and April. However, the longest season in Nagaland is winter. Winter is one of the best season to explore the colors of Nagaland. The state experiences winter from October until February. It is during this season the Government of Nagaland organizes the Great Hornbill Festival where all 16 major tribes of Nagaland come together and celebrate.
Nagaland is among those 13 places on our planet that experiences both sub-tropical and sub-alpine climate. Nagaland dances to the rhythm of monsoon from May to September. I suggest you to avoid Nagaland during monsoon months, unless you have specific plans to experience the shades of Nagaland in rain.
7 Amazing Places to Visit in Nagaland | Nagaland Attractions
Any discussion about Nagaland wouldn’t reach a conclusion without a mention about its tourism attractions. There’s nothing to exclude from the entire stretch of Nagaland when you prepare a holiday itinerary to this amazing land of friendly people, but here’s a list of 7 major attractions of Nagaland.
1. Kohima, the Capital of Nagaland
A picturesque town that clinches on the hillocks of Himalayan Ranges is Kohima, the capital of Nagaland. Blessed by natural beauty and rich in heritage, Kohima has a grievous patch too – the World War II. During the World War II Kohima was a battle field and thousands of soldiers lost their life here.
This region of Nagaland, which is home to a majority of Nagas and Kukis, is also the second largest Urban Area of the state. The city that we see today as the capital was once planned and designed by the British to capitalize the northeastern region.
2. Dimapur, the Entry Point to Nagaland
One of the fastest growing cities of northeast, Dimpaur is well regarded as the entry point to Nagaland. The name Dimapur is derived from three distinct terms – ‘Di’ meaning ‘water’, ‘Ma’, meaning ‘big’, and ‘Pur’ meaning ‘city’. Thus the term Dimapur implies the city by the great river.
The history of Dimapur is rich as the capital of the ancient kingdom of the Dimasas. Dimasas were ruled by Kachari. One of the sights to visit in Dimapur is the ruins of Dimasas kingdom. The kingdome of Dimasas is considered as one of the largest during those days that spread over the neighboring plains and then extend to the current Upper Assam.
While in Dimapur one can also visit the Diezephe Craft Village which is just 13 kilometers from Dimapur City. The craft village is under the administration of Nagaland Handloom and Handicrafts Development Corporation Ltd. Rangapahar Reserve Forest, Chumukedima, and Ruzaphema are a few more among the major attractions in Dimapur.
3. Mokukchung, Home to the Ao Tribe
The scenic beauty of Mokukchung cannot be contained within a few words, and when you learn about the quaint Nagaland, you can’t miss this picturesque town which is mostly populated by the Ao tribe. More than all, this is also the third largest urban center of Nagaland.
Located at an altitude of 1325 mt ASL, Mokukchung is much regarded as the cultural hub of Nagaland. The place being the home to Ao tribe, people from all over the world float around this village to learn about their lifestyle. For learning more about the weapons, dresses, and other commonly used things by the Ao tribe, one can also visit the Mokokchung District Museum.
A visit to Mokokchung is incomplete without savoring the charm of Changtongya village that clinches onto the Langpangkong Range. Criss-crossed between the Tsula river and the Melak river, Changtongya village offers an extraordinary blend with nature.
Mokokchung is also famous for its town park or the Mokokchung park. The park is one ideal place to relax and relish the nature’s beauty.
4. Mon, the Abode of Konyak Nagas
Captivating nature and the home of Konyak Nagas is Mon. For visiting Mon, one needs no reason other than the culture and traditions of the Konyak Nagas. The Konyak tribe believe that their forefathers were direct descendants of Noah, and as a proof for that they put forward the biblical names like Mosa, Kaisa, and Aron common among their people.
In Mon, one of the biggest villages is Longwa that extends its landscape from Nagaland in India to Myanmar. The borders are shared between the two nations, some of the youths while serve Indian National Army while some others serve the Myanmar Army. And most interestingly, the Village Council Chairman, the Angh had 60 wives and his jurisdiction spreads from Nagaland to Arunachal Pradesh and to Myanmar.
While in Mon, one can also visit Shangnyu village to learn the stories of a wood carving that is believed to have built with the help of the spirit. Though it is among the least explored places, Veda Peak is an attraction to enjoy a distant view of Brahmaputra river in India and Chindwin river in Myanmar.
5. Dzukou Valley, an Amazing Beauty
Spread across to Manipur from Nagaland, the charming valley of Dzukou will leave you stunned with its copious natural allure. The serenity and uniqueness of the trails through the virgin northeastern valley offer a feast to the solitude loving backpackers and nature loving family travelers.
The valley that resembles a well maintained lawn from a distance is located at a height of 2438 M ASL. The valley is nourished by the streams of Dzukou river and the Japfu river, and the entire valley is a bed for lilies, euphorbia, rhododendrons, and aconitum.
This is one among the major attractions in our itinerary to Nagaland.
6. Tuophema, a Tourism Village
Exotic valleys, splendid hillocks, and traditional huts of Angami tribes make this place a must visit attraction in Nagaland. In spite of the natural beauty, what most tourists value here is the undiluted tribal village life of Angami Nagas. Just 45 kilometers away from the capital city, Tuophema gives you the chance to interact with the village elders and take a stake in their normal lifestyle.
7. Wokha, Nature’s Gift to Nagaland
Wokha, the land of beautiful mountains, hillocks, and rivers is inhibited by Lothas, a major tribe in Nagaland. Wokha is one among those destinations that gives a glimpse of everything about Nagaland. One can enjoy the breathtaking views of the valley even from Workha town, the district headquarters. Encapsulated by the mountain ranges, Mount Tiyi is one of the picturesque spots in Wokha. The view of Doyan River Reservoir from the peak is a mind blowing experience.
That was just a brief about Nagaland and its attractions. This article is the part of our preparation for the #outonroads4hornbill expedition where we drive 4000+ kilometers from south Kanyakumari to north Kohima, just to celebrate the vibrant Hornbill Festival of Nagaland.